Sexual Assualt Nurse Examiner. This specialized area of Forensic Nursing
Related Terms: FNE
,Female genital mutilation
,Toluidine Blue Dye
Forensic Nurse Examiner
Related Terms: SANE
Sexual Assault Examiner
Related Terms: IAFN
Sexual Assault Response Team
Related Terms: SART
International Association of Forensic Nursing
Related Terms: AMRN
American College of Forensic Examiners Institute
Certified Forensic Nurse
Sexual Assault Forensic Examiner
Georgia Network to End Sexual Assault
Related Terms: GNESA
American Forensic Nurses
Related Terms: ForensicTrak
Forensic Science Resource Center
American Forensic Nurses
Related Terms: Forensic Evidence
Forensic Evidence is scientific information that is collected for possible use in a legal proceeding.
Related Terms: DA
,Sexually Transmitted Disease
Emergency Nurses Association
Related Terms: ER
American Academy of Forensic Sciences
Related Terms: ED
Bachelors of Science Degree in Nursing
Office of Victims and Crimes
MedicoLegal Death investigator
American Board of Medicolegal Death Investigators
These are drugs that are sometimes used to assist a sexual assault. Sexual assault is any type of sexual activity that a person does not agree to. It can include inappropriate touching, vaginal penetration, sexual intercourse, rape, and attempted rape. Because of the effects of these drugs, victims may be physically helpless, unable to refuse sex, and can't remember what happened. The drugs often have no color, smell, or taste and are easily added to flavored drinks without the victim's knowledge.
Related Terms: GHB
The definition of rape is varied from state to state, please see our Statute of limitation guide by state.
Related Terms: Date Rape Drugs
,Age of Consent
(gamma hydroxybutyric acid)a liquid with no odor or color, white powder, and pill.GHB
GHB can cause these problems:
unconsciousness (black out)
can't remember what happened while drugged
slow heart rate
(flunitrazepam) Rohypnol is a pill and dissolves in liquids. New pills turn blue when added to liquids. However, the old pills, with no color, are still available. Rohypnol
Rohypnol can cause these problems:
can't remember what happened while drugged
lower blood pressure
muscle relaxation or loss of muscle control
difficulty with motor movements
loss of consciousness
(ketamine hydrochloride) Ketamine is a white powderKetamine
Ketamine can cause these problems:
lost sense of time and identity
distorted perceptions of sight and sound
feeling out of control
impaired motor function
out of body experiences
loss of coordination
aggressive or violent behavior
Sexual assault and abuse is any type of sexual activity that you do not agree to, including:
Related Terms: Rape
vaginal, anal, or oral penetration
sexual intercourse that you say no to
,Child Sexual Abuse
,foreign object insertion
Department of Family and Child Services
The ages for what a state determines a child are varied by state.
Related Terms: Child Molestation
Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network.
This national network of crisis centers helps victims of rape, incest, and Sexual Assault find the support and care that they need.
Their website is: http://www.rainn.org
The term "injury" may be applied in medicine to damage inflicted upon oneself or by an external agent. The injury may be accidental or deliberate. common synonyms are wound
Related Terms: Anal Fissure
An anal fissure is a cut or tear occuring in the
. They affect men and women equally and both the young and the old. Fissures usually cause pain during bowel movements that often is severe. Anal fissure is the most common cause of rectal bleeding in infancy.
Anal fissures are caused by
to the anus and anal canal. When tears occur in the anoderm, therefore, they are more likely to be posterior. In women, there also is weak support for the anterior anal canal due to the presence of the vagina anterior to the anus. For this reason, 10% of fissures in women are anterior, while only 1% are anterior in men.
Patients with anal fissures almost always experience anal pain that worsens with bowel movements. The pain following a bowel movement may be brief or long lasting; however, the pain usually subsides between bowel movements. The pain can be so severe that patients are unwilling to have a bowel movement, resulting in constipation and even fecal impaction.
Related Terms: Anus
The anus (anal canal) is the opening through which stool passes when it is being eliminated from the body. Together, the colon, rectum, and anus form a long (several feet in length), muscular tube that also is known as the large intestine, large bowel, or the lower gastrointestinal tract.
Related Terms: Sodomy
A sperm is the male "gamete" or sex cell. It is excreted by a male during
Related Terms: Semen
The fluid that is released through the penis during orgasm. Semen is made up of fluid and of sperm. The fluid comes from the prostate, seminal vesicle and other sex glands. The sperm are manufactured in the testicles. The seminal fluid helps transport the sperm during orgasm. Seminal fluid contains sugar as an energy source for sperm.
Ejection of sperm and seminal fluid
Related Terms: Prostate
The categories of burns and their treatment very much depend on the depth, area and location of the burn. Burn depth is generally categorized as first, second or third degree. A first degree burn is superficial and has similar characteristics to a typical sun burn. The skin is red in color and sensation is intact. In fact, it is usually somewhat painful. Second degree burns look similar to the first degree burns; however, the damage is now severe enough to cause blistering of the skin and the pain is usually somewhat more intense. In third degree burns the damage has progressed to the point of skin death. The skin is white and without sensation.
Regardless of the type of burn, the result is fluid accumulation and inflammation in and around the wound. Moreover, it should be noted that the skin is the body's first defense against infection by microorganisms. Damage to the skin can predispose the burn victim to both infection at the site of the wound as well as internally.
Related Terms: Contracture scars
permanently damaged tissue
Related Terms: Keloid Scar
These scars are the result of an overly aggressive healing process. These scars extend beyond the original injury. Over time, a keloid scar may affect mobility. Possible treatments include surgical removal, or injections with steroids. Smaller keloids can be treated using cryotherapy (freezing therapy using liquid nitrogen). You can also prevent keloid formation by using pressure treatment or gel pads with silicone when you sustain an injury. Keloid scars most often occur in Blacks.
If your skin has been burned, you may have a contracture scar, which causes tightening of skin that can impair your ability to move; additionally, this type of scar may go deeper to affect muscles and nerves.
STD's or Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Related Terms: Human Papilloma Vruses (HPVs)
,STI (Sexually Transmitted Infections)
There are over 100 types of papillomaviruses (HPVs) that infect humans. Of these, more than 40 types can infect the anogenital tract (genital tract and anus) of men and women and cause genital warts (known as condylomata acuminata or venereal warts). A subgroup of the HPVs that infect the anogenital tract (genital tract and anus) can lead to precancerous changes in the uterine cervix and cause uterine, cervical cancer. HPV infection also is associated with the development of other anogenital cancers in women. The HPV types that cause cervical cancer also have been linked with both anal and penile cancer in men as well as a subgroup of head and neck cancers in both women and men.
Related Terms: CDC
Syphilis is an STD that has been around for centuries. It is caused by a microscopic bacterial organism called a spirochete. The scientific name for the organism is Treponema pallidum. The spirochete is a wormlike, spiral-shaped organism that wiggles vigorously when viewed under a microscope. It infects the person by burrowing into the moist, mucous-covered lining of the mouth or genitals. The spirochete produces a classic, painless ulcer known as a chancre
There are three stages of syphilis, along with an inactive (latent) stage. Formation of an ulcer (chancre) is the first stage. The chancre develops any time from 10 to 90 days after infection, with an average time of 21 days following infection until the first symptoms develop. Syphilis is highly contagious when the ulcer is present. The infection can be transmitted from contact with the ulcer which teems with spirochetes. If the ulcer is outside of the vagina or on the male's scrotum, condoms may not prevent transmission of the infection by contact. Similarly, if the ulcer is in the mouth, merely kissing the infected individual can spread the infection. The ulcer can go away on its own after 3 to 6 weeks, but the disease can recur months later as secondary syphilis if the primary stage is not treated.
Chlamydia (Chlamydia trachomatis) is a bacterium that causes an infection that is very similar to gonorrhea in the way that it is spread and the symptoms it produces. It is common and affects approximately 4 million women annually. Like gonorrhea, the chlamydia bacterium is found in the cervix and urethra and can live in the throat or rectum. Both infected men and infected women frequently lack symptoms of chlamydia infection. Thus, these individuals can unknowingly spread the infection to others. Another strain (type) of Chlamydia trachomatis, which can be distinguished in specialized laboratories, causes the STD known as lymphogranuloma venereum
The majority of women with chlamydia do not have symptoms. Cervicitis (infection of the uterine cervix) is the most common manifestation of the infection. While about half of women with chlamydial cervicitis have no symptoms, others may experience vaginal discharge or abdominal pain. Infection of the urethra is often associated with chlamydial infection of the cervix. Women with infection of the urethra (urethritis) have the typical symptoms of a urinary tract infection, including pain upon urination and the frequent and urgent need to urinate.
Chlamydia is very destructive to the Fallopian tubes. It can also cause severe pelvic infection. If untreated, about 30% of women with chlamydia will develop pelvic inflammatory disease (PID; see above). Because it is common for infected women to have no symptoms, chlamydial infection is often untreated and results in extensive destruction of the Fallopian tubes, fertility problems and tubal pregnancy.
Chlamydial infection, like gonorrhea, is associated with an increased incidence of premature births. In addition, the infant can acquire the infection during passage through the infected birth canal, leading to serious eye damage or pneumonia. For this reason, all newborns are treated with eye drops containing an antibiotic that kills chlamydia. Treatment of all newborns is routine because of the large number of infected women without symptoms and the dire consequences of chlamydial eye infection to the newborn.
Related Terms: STD
A lighted magnifying instrument used by a gynecologist to examine the tissues of the vagina and the cervix. The procedure is called colposcopy.
Related Terms: Vaginal Odor
A lighted magnifying instrument used by a gynecologist to examine the tissues of the vagina and the cervix. The procedure is called colposcopy.
Vaginal odor is typically from inflammation of the vaginal area. Inflammation of the vaginal area is often a result of infection in or around the vagina.
Related Terms: Vagina
The muscular canal extending from the cervix to the outside of the body. It is usually six to seven inches in length, and its walls are lined with mucus membrane. It includes two vaultlike structures, the anterior (front) vaginal fornix and the posterior (rear) vaginal fornix. The cervix protrudes slightly into the vagina, and it is through a tiny hole in the cervix (the os) that sperm make their way toward the internal reproductive organs. The vagina also includes numerous tiny glands that make vaginal secretions.
Related Terms: Penis
,Toxic Shock Syndrome
The external male sex organ used to copulate and ejaculate semen and to convey urine outside the body.
Related Terms: Seminal Vesicles
Vaginitis is a medical term that is used to refer to any infection or inflammation of the vagina. The symptoms of vaginitis are common and most women will have at least one form of vaginitis in their lifetime. Even though vaginitis is so common, many women know little about it. The term "yeast infection" is what most women think of when they hear the word vaginitis. However, a yeast infection is only one kind of vaginal infection. Vaginitis can be caused by several different organisms, sometimes at the same time, as well as by hormonal changes, allergies, or irritations.
Because vaginitis can have many causes, it is important to see your doctor or other health care professional so that the proper cause can be identified and the correct treatment can be prescribed. Once started, the medication should be used exactly according to your doctor's instructions in order to cure the vaginitis. The symptoms may go away before you finish the medication. Even so, you should complete the therapy to help ensure a cure.
Vaginitis can sometimes be a sign of other health problems. Knowing more about the signs and symptoms of this common will help you and your health care provider make a proper diagnosis.
There is no universal definition of child sexual abuse. However, a central characteristic of any abuse is the dominant position of an adult that allows him or her to force or coerce a child into sexual activity. Child sexual abuse may include fondling a child's genitals, masturbation, oral-genital contact, digital penetration, and vaginal and anal intercourse. Child sexual abuse is not solely restricted to physical contact; such abuse could include noncontact abuse, such as exposure, voyeurism, and child pornography.
Related Terms: Pedophilia
is a preferential or exclusive sexual attraction by adults to prepubescent youths. A person with this attraction is called a pedophile or paedophile. The ICD-10 and DSM IV, which are standard medical diagnosis manuals, currently describe pedophilia as a paraphilia and mental disorder of adults or older youths, if it causes clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.
The term pedophile is also used colloquially to denote an adult who is sexually attracted to adolescents or youths below the local age of consent, as well as those accused or convicted of child sexual abuse or child pornography related offences.
Generally defined as any type of anal penetration or anal intercourse
Related Terms: Deviant sexual intercourse
is a legal term for any act of sexual gratification involving the sex organs of one person and the mouth or anus of another, or involving invasion of the anus or vagina of one person by a foreign object manipulated by another person. Typically, the act itself is not a crime, but the term is used to describe forcible or otherwise involuntary acts that differ from the crime of rape. The term has generally replaced sodomy in the criminal codes of the United States.
Related Terms: Oral sodomy
contact between the mouth and the penis, the mouth and the vulva, or the mouth and the anus.
While the phrase age of consent typically does not appear in legal statutes, when used with reference to criminal law the age of consent is the minimum age at which a person is considered to be capable of legally giving informed consent to any contract or behaviour regulated by law with another person
Center for Disease Control. Headquartered in Atlanta Georgia, the CDC is one of the leading authorities in disease research including STD's.
acronym for Sexually Transmitted Disease. There are many diseases spread by sexual intercourse like HIV, Syphilis, Chlamydia, Herpes,
Related Terms: HPV -human papillomavirus
Occasionally during sexual intercourse, both consentual and non consentual injuries (cuts and tearing) may occur. This may be due to rough sex, the lack of lubrication, and/or due to the size of the penis in relation to the vagina. This type of vaginal tearing only occurs in a minority of sexual assault cases.
Related Terms: ecchymosis
Person who has commited an unwanted or illegal sexual act.
relating to the region of the anus and the genitalia, especially the external genitalia.
Related Terms: anogenital warts
physical distance between anus and the genitalia
papillomas transmitted venereally. Caused by the papilloma virus. Esthetically unattractive but generally cause little inconvenience.
the narrow lower end of the uterus, between the isthmus and the opening of the uterus into the vagina.
Temporary Protective Order. A court ordered ruling stating that a person must maintain a certain distance from another person
National Network to End Domestic Violence
Violence Against Womens Act
Related Terms: IVAWA
International Violence Against Womens Act. I-vawa details.
National Center for Victims of Crime. This agency deals with stalking crimes and such.
a condition which affects a woman's ability to engage in any form of vaginal penetration, including sexual penetration, insertion of tampons, and the penetration involved in gynecological examinations. This is the result of a conditioned reflex of the pubococcygeus muscle, which is sometimes referred to as the 'PC muscle'. The reflex causes the muscles in the vagina to tense suddenly, which makes any kind of vaginal penetration -- including sexual penetration -- either painful or impossible.
Dyspareunia is painful sexual intercourse, due to medical or psychological causes
Related Terms: FGM
A Legal Nurse Consultant (LNC) is a registered nurse who uses existing expertise as a healthcare professional plus specialized training to consult on medical-related cases
Genital human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI). The virus infects the skin and mucous membranes. There are more than 40 HPV types that can infect the genital areas of men and women, including the skin of the penis, vulva (area outside the vagina), and anus, and the linings of the vagina, cervix, and rectum. You cannot see HPV. Most people who become infected with HPV do not even know they have it.
Domestic Violence (sometimes referred to as domestic abuse or spousal abuse) occurs when a family member, partner or ex-partner attempts to physically or psychologically dominate another.
One of the original group who pioneered the beginning days of forensic nursing. She has also published several books
National Forensic Nursing Institute
Related Terms: T-Blue Swab
The T-Blue Swab consists of a soft foam tipped swab with a shaft that contains 1% Toluidine Blue Dye Aqueous Solution.
When placed on an area of skin where the epidermal layer (non-nucleated cells) has been removed, the underlying cells will uptake dye. This provides the forensic nurse the ability to see abrasion injury that the naked eye, and sometimes even by magnified examination will fail to identify
Forensics, or forensic science is the application of sciences into the legal system. Sometimes in criminal courts, and sometimes in civil court as well. This methodical collection of evidence and information for use in trials is becoming increasingly in demand in all facets of forensics including, nursing, accounting, computers, death investigation.
The penetration of an object into the oral, vaginal, or rectal cavity.
Acquaintance rape is using physical force, emotional bargaining, blackmail or mind games to force sexual intercourse, or any sexual contact forced on you by someone you know.
Coalition on Violence against women. An african based organization trying to prevent violence against women. www.covaw.or.ke
acronym for Female Genital mutilation.
a term used to describe the applications of the legal system as part of the medical process.
Related Terms: Menopause
,Sexual Response Cycle
Infections and diseases that are spread thru sexual contact.
Sexual Violence Research Inititive. This african based organization is dedicated to the collection of statistics and information pertaining to sexual violence around the globe.
alcohol-facilitated sexual assault acronym. Studies have shown that Alcohol is used in over 75% of sexual assaults. This can make prosecution very difficult since jurors often view victims who injested the alcohol voluntarily with skeptism or disdain for placing themselves into the situation.
It is the study of symptoms, mechanisms, treatments and detection of poisoning, especially the poisoning of people, or in a broader sense, it is the study of the adverse effects of chemicals on living organisms.
Forensic Nursing Certification Board is the certification arm of the IAFN
Two glands which provides about two-thirds of the fluid which makes up the semen. These are located to the left and right of the prostate. Output of the seminal vesicle mixes with the sperm from the vas deferens and flows through a duct which then passes the fluid through the prostate to the urethra.
National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. This non profit organization provides information , training, and community education about missing and exploited children.
Five stage system of sexual development. Used to help differenciate levels of sexual maturity in patients.
Physical, sexual, emotional, psychological abuse, or neglect of an elder person
Related Terms: NCEA
,Child Physical Abuse
National Center for Elder Abuse. http://www.ncea.aoa.gov
The sexual stimulation of ones own body. This includes manual stimulation as well as foreign object use. Sometimes also called autoeroticism.
Sometimes referred to as the PC muscle. This muscle is found in both male and females and stretches from teh pubic bone to the coccyx and supports the pelvic organs. It controls urine flow and contracts during orgasm. This is the muscle worked during Kegal Exercises.
a set of exercises designed to strengthen and give voluntary control over the pubococcygeus muscles. They are often referred to simply as "kegels." These exercises also serve to contract the cremaster muscle in men, as voluntary contraction of the pubococcygeus muscle also engages the cremasteric reflex, which also has sexual benefits. This will make the penis rise, and control can be achieved with practice.
Kegel exercises appear to enable some men to have multiple orgasms and can help with premature ejaculation.
also known as the tailbone. This bone is the final segment of the vertebra
s generally defined as the surface region in both males and females between the pubic symphysis and the coccyx
A bruise, also called a contusion in which capillary damage allows blood to seep into surrounding biological tissue.
two cutaneous folds of the vulva. They are situated in between the Labia majora
and extend downward from the clitoris
Related Terms: Labia Majora
two prominent longitudinal cutaneous folds which extend downward and backward from the mons pubis to the perineum and form the lateral boundaries of the cleft of venus, which contains the labia minora, interlabial sulci, clitoral hood, clitoral glans, frenulum clitoridis, the Hart's Line, and the vulval vestibule, which contains the external openings of the urethra and the vagina.
Each labium majus has two surfaces, an outer, pigmented and covered with strong, crisp hairs; and an inner, smooth and beset with large sebaceous follicles
preputium clitoridis and clitoral prepuce), is a fold of skin that surrounds and protects the clitoral glans. It develops as part of the labia minora
The external genital organs of the female
Menopause is the permanent cessation of menstruation which occurs a considerable length of time before the end of the lifespan.
Related Terms: Perimenopause
the term describing the menopause transition years. In women who have a uterus, perimenopause describes the years both before and after the final period.
the term describing the menopause transition years. In women who have a uterus, perimenopause describes the years both before and after the final period
is a scale of physical development in children, adolescents and adults. The scale defines physical measurements of development based on external primary and secondary sex characteristics, such as the size of the breasts, genitalia, and development of pubic hair.
Is the conclusion of the plateau phase of sexual response cycle
is a four-stage model of physiological responses during sexual stimulation. These phases, in order of their occurrence, are the excitement phase, plateau phase, orgasmic phase, and resolution phase
Related Terms: Coitus
in a strict biological sense to the insertion of the male's penis into the female's vagina for the purpose of reproduction
Related Terms: Intercourse
In both popular and professional usage, intercourse now labels at least three different sex acts, two of which are not directly tied to conceiving a child. These three types of intercourse are: vaginal intercourse, involving vaginal penetration by the penis, possibly to the point of male ejaculation and female orgasm; oral intercourse, involving oral caress of the sex organs (male or female), possibly to the point of orgasm; and anal intercourse, involving insertion of the male's penis into his partner's anus. The latter two of these behaviors may be the endpoints of a sexual encounter or they may be acts of foreplay leading to each other or to vaginal intercourse.
This reflex is elicited by lightly stroking the superior and medial (inner) part of the thigh. The normal response is a contraction of the cremaster muscle that pulls up the scrotum and testis on the side stroked.
The Testicle is the male generative gland. Most males have two testis (plural of testicle)
The etymology of the word is based on Roman law. The Latin word "testis", witness, was used in the firmly established legal principle Testis unus, testis nullus" (one witness [equals] no witness), meaning that testimony by any one person in court was to be disregarded unless corroborated by the testimony of at least another. This led to the common practice of producing two witnesses, bribed to testify the same way in cases of lawsuits with ulterior motives. Since such "witnesses" always came in pairs.
Related Terms: Testicular rupture
caused by blunt force impact, sharp edge, or piercing impact to one or both testicles, which can lead to necrosis of the testis in as little as 30 minutes
a condition where the spermatic cord that provides blood supply to the testis becomes twisted, limiting or stopping blood flow. If the condition is not relieved necrosis can begin to occur in under and hour.
The primary function of the prostate is to store and secrete a fluid, milky or white in appearance which makes up approximately 25-30% of the volume of a male ejaculate. Another important prostate function is controlling the flow of urine during ejaculation.
Related Terms: Skenes gland
also known as the periurethral glands or female prostate. In some extreme cases they appear to be absent entirely. Some believe that the Skenes glands are the source of female ejaculation, although this has never been conclusively proven or disproven
intentional infliction of injury on a child
Related Terms: Mongolian blue spots
Mongolian spots are flat, blue, or blue-gray skin markings that commonly appear at birth or shortly thereafter.
Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) is a rare but serious illness which can occur in men, women and children. Approximately 50% of the cases reported are the result of prolonged tampon usage. TSS can be fatal if not treated in time.
In the unlikely event that you have these symptoms during your period--a high fever (over 102F or 39C), rash, vomiting, diarrhoea, sore throat, dizziness or fainting - you must remove your tampon and consult your doctor immediately. These symptoms can be early warning signs of TSS, which can develop very quickly and may seem like flu to begin with.
Rectal prolapse normally describes a medical condition wherein the walls of the rectum protrude through the anus and hence become visible outside the body
Marital rape occurs when one spouse forces their spouse to engage in sexual activities without their consent. This type of intimate partner violence is illegal in all 50 states.
Related Terms: Spousal rape
Also known as Marital rape occurs when one spouse forces their spouse to engage in sexual activities without their consent. This type of intimate partner violence is illegal in all 50 states. It is not the duty or objligation (ie. wifely duties) of a spouse to engage in sexual acts which they are not a willing partner in.
Emergency contraception refers to back-up methods for contraceptive emergencies which women can use within the first few days after unprotected intercourse to prevent an unwanted pregnancy. Emergency contraceptives are not suitable for regular use
End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography, and Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes
Read more: http://www.foxnews.com/us/2012/01/07/sold-for-sex-in-our-backyards/?intcmp=obinsite#ixzz1jFuUoTaq
End Child Prostitution and Trafficking